Line of succession to the former Russian throne

Coat of Arms of the Tsar

The Monarchy of Russia was abolished in 1917 following the February Revolution, which forced Emperor Nicholas II (1868–1918) to abdicate. Claims made on behalf of different persons to be the rightful current pretender continue to be debated.

Since 1992, the most widely acknowledged pretender is Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia,[1][2] a great-great-granddaughter in the male-line of Emperor Alexander II of Russia, having proclaimed herself the head of the imperial house upon her father's death.[1][3] She also declared her son George Mikhailovich (born 1981) to be the heir-apparent.[1]

Potential successors in March 1917

In the succession chart below, the number preceding each name indicates that individual's position in the order of succession to the throne at the time of the abdication of Nicholas II. For instance, Alexei Nikolaevich was the first in line, as the Emperor's only son. The numbers following each name indicates the line of descent and genealogical seniority from Nicholas I of Russia. For instance, Alexei Nikolaevich, 1.2.1.1, as follows from Nicholas I:[4]

Many of the individuals on this list died childless; some were killed during the Russian Revolution.