## Orthogonality |

in

,mathematics **orthogonality**is the generalization of the notion of to theperpendicularity oflinear algebra . two elementsbilinear forms *u*and*v*of a with bilinear formvector space *b*are**orthogonal**when*b*(*u*,*v*) = 0. depending on the bilinear form, the vector space may contain nonzero self-orthogonal vectors. in the case of , families offunction spaces are used to form aorthogonal functions .basis by extension, orthogonality is also used to refer to the separation of specific features of a system. the term also has specialized meanings in other fields including art and chemistry.

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In **orthogonality** is the generalization of the notion of *u* and *v* of a *B* are **orthogonal** when *B*(*u*, *v*) = 0. Depending on the bilinear form, the vector space may contain nonzero self-orthogonal vectors. In the case of

By extension, orthogonality is also used to refer to the separation of specific features of a system. The term also has specialized meanings in other fields including art and chemistry.