## Orthorhombic crystal system |

In **orthorhombic crystal system** is one of the 7 *a* by *b*) and height (*c*), such that *a*, *b*, and *c* are distinct. All three bases intersect at 90° angles, so the three lattice vectors remain mutually

- bravais lattices
- crystal classes
- see also
- references
- further reading

In two dimensions there are two orthorhombic Bravais lattices: primitive rectangular and centered rectangular. The primitive rectangular lattice can also be described by a centered rhombic unit cell, while the centered rectangular lattice can also be described by a primitive rhombic unit cell.

In three dimensions, there are four orthorhombic Bravais lattices: primitive orthorhombic, base-centered orthorhombic, body-centered orthorhombic, and face-centered orthorhombic.

Bravais lattice | Primitive orthorhombic |
Base-centered orthorhombic |
Body-centered orthorhombic |
Face-centered orthorhombic |
---|---|---|---|---|

oP | oS | oI | oF | |

Standard |
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Right unit cell |

In the orthorhombic system there is a rarely used second choice of crystal axes that results in a unit cell with the shape of a right rhombic prism;^{[1]} it can be constructed because the rectangular two-dimensional base layer can also be described with rhombic axes. In this axis setting, the primitive and base-centered lattices swap in centering type, while the same thing happens with the body-centered and face-centered lattices. Note that the length in the lower row is not the same as in the upper row, as can be seen in the figure in the section on two-dimensional lattices. For the first and third column above, of the second row equals of the first row, and for the second and fourth column it equals half of this.