university of california
|motto||fiat lux (latin)|
motto in english
|let there be light|
|type||public university system|
|established||march 23, 1868|
|endowment||$21.1 billion (2019) |
|budget||$34.3 billion (2017)|
|21,200 (october 2016)|
|144,000 (october 2016)|
|students||280,380 (fall 2018)|
|undergraduates||222,493 (fall 2018)|
|postgraduates||57,887 (fall 2018)|
|location||, , |
|campus||10 campuses under direct control (nine with undergraduate and graduate schools, one professional/graduate only), one affiliated law school, one national laboratory|
|colors||blue & gold|
the university of california (uc) is a public university system in the u.s. state of california. under the california master plan for higher education, the university of california is a part of the state's three-system public higher education plan, which also includes the california state university system and the .
the university of california was founded on march 23, 1868, and operated in oakland before moving to its campus in berkeley in 1873. in march 1951, the university of california began to reorganize itself into something distinct from its campus at berkeley, with robert gordon sproul remaining in place as the first systemwide president, clark kerr becoming the first chancellor of uc berkeley, and raymond b. allen became the first chancellor of ucla. however, the 1951 reorganization was stalled by resistance from sproul and his allies, and it was not until kerr succeeded sproul as president that uc was able to evolve into a system from 1957 to 1960.
in the 21st century, the university of california has 10 campuses, a combined student body of 280,380 students, 21,200 faculty members, 144,000 staff members and over 1.86 million living alumni, as governed by a semi-autonomous board of regents. its tenth and newest campus in merced opened in fall 2005. nine campuses enroll both undergraduate and graduate students; one campus, uc san francisco, enrolls only graduate and professional students in the medical and health sciences. in addition, the uc hastings college of law, located in san francisco, is legally affiliated with uc, but other than sharing its name is entirely autonomous from the rest of the system.
the university of california also manages or co-manages three national laboratories for the u.s. department of energy: lawrence berkeley national laboratory (lbnl), lawrence livermore national laboratory (llnl), and los alamos national laboratory (lanl).
collectively, the colleges, institutions, and alumni of the university of california make it the most comprehensive and advanced postsecondary educational system in the world, responsible for nearly $50 billion per year of economic impact. uc campuses have large numbers of distinguished faculty in almost every academic discipline, with uc faculty and researchers having won at least 62 nobel prizes as of 2017.