Warsaw

  • warsaw

    warszawa
    capital city and county
    warsaw panorama.png
    pałac na wyspie w warszawie, widok na elewację południową.jpg
    poland-00808 - castle square (31215382745).jpg
    warszawa, ul. nowy Świat 72-74 20170517 002.jpg
    warszawa, rynek starego miasta 42-34 20170518 001.jpg
    warszawa, ul. krakowskie przedmieście 87, 89 20170516 003.jpg
    warszawa, ul. senatorska 10 20170516 001.jpg
    wilanów palace.jpg
    • from top, left to right: warsaw skyline
    • Łazienki park
    • royal castle and sigismund's column
    • staszic palace and copernicus monument
    • main market square
    • royal route
    • warsaw old town
    • wilanów palace
    flag of warsaw
    flag
    pol warszawa coa.svg
    coat of arms
    nickname(s): 
    paris of the north, phoenix city
    motto(s): 
    semper invicta  (latin "ever invincible")
    warsaw is located in poland
    warsaw
    warsaw
    location within poland
    warsaw is located in europe
    warsaw
    warsaw
    location within europe
    coordinates: 52°14′n 21°1′e / 52°14′n 21°1′e / 52.233; 21.017
    countrypoland
    voivodeshipmasovia
    countycity county
    founded13th century
    city rights1323
    districts
    government
     • mayorrafał trzaskowski (po)
    area
     • capital city and county517.24 km2 (199.71 sq mi)
     • metro
    6,100.43 km2 (2,355.39 sq mi)
    elevation
    78–116 m (328 ft)
    population
     (30 june 2019)
     • capital city and county1,783,321 (1st) increase[1]
     • rank1st in poland (8th in eu)
     • density3,448/km2 (8,930/sq mi)
     • metro
    3,100,844[2]
     • metro density509.1/km2 (1,319/sq mi)
    demonym(s)varsovian
    time zoneutc+1 (cet)
     • summer (dst)utc+2 (cest)
    postal code
    00-001 to 04–999
    area code(s)+48 22
    gdp (nominal)[3]2017
     – total€57 billion
     – per capita€33,000
    websiteum.warszawa.pl
    unesco world heritage site
    official namehistoric centre of warsaw
    typecultural
    criteriaii, vi
    designated1980 (4th [1]
    unesco regioneurope
    varsovian trumpet call

    warsaw (ɔː/ wor-saw; polish: warszawa [varˈʂava] (about this soundlisten); see also other names) is the capital and largest city of poland. the metropolis stands on the vistula river in east-central poland and its population is officially estimated at 1.8 million residents within a greater metropolitan area of 3.1 million residents,[4] which makes warsaw the 7th most-populous capital city in the european union. the city limits cover 517.24 square kilometres (199.71 sq mi), while the metropolitan area covers 6,100.43 square kilometres (2,355.39 sq mi).[5] warsaw is an alpha global city,[6] a major international tourist destination, and a significant cultural, political and economic hub. its historical old town was designated a unesco world heritage site.

    the city rose to prominence in the late 16th century, when sigismund iii decided to move the polish capital and his royal court from kraków. the elegant architecture, grandeur and extensive boulevards earned warsaw the nickname paris of the north prior to the second world war. bombed at the start of the german invasion in 1939, the city withstood a siege,[7][8][9] but was largely destroyed by the warsaw ghetto uprising in 1943, the general warsaw uprising in 1944 and the systematic razing by the germans in advance of the vistula–oder offensive. warsaw gained the new title of phoenix city because of its complete reconstruction after the war, which had left over 85% of its buildings in ruins.[10][11]

    in 2012, the economist intelligence unit ranked warsaw as the 32nd most liveable city in the world.[12] in 2017, the city came 4th in the "business-friendly", 8th in "human capital and life style" and topped the quality of life rankings in the region.[13] the city is a significant centre of research and development, business process outsourcing and information technology outsourcing. the warsaw stock exchange is the largest and most important in central and eastern europe.[14][15] frontex, the european union agency for external border security as well as odihr, one of the principal institutions of the organization for security and cooperation in europe have their headquarters in warsaw. jointly with frankfurt and paris, warsaw features one of the highest number of skyscrapers in the european union.[16]

    the city is the seat of the polish academy of sciences, national philharmonic orchestra, university of warsaw, the warsaw university of technology, the national museum, zachęta art gallery and the warsaw grand theatre, the largest of its kind in the world.[17] the picturesque old town, which represents examples of nearly every european architectural style and historical period,[18] was listed as a world heritage site by unesco in 1980. other main architectural attractions include the royal castle and the iconic king sigismund's column, the wilanów palace, the palace on the isle, st. john's cathedral, main market square as well as numerous churches and mansions along the royal route. warsaw is positioning itself as central and eastern europe's chic cultural capital with thriving art or club scenes and restaurants,[19] with around a quarter of the city's area occupied by parks.[20]

  • etymology and names
  • history
  • geography
  • society and demographics
  • government and politics
  • economy
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  • see also
  • notes
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  • further reading
  • external links

Warsaw

Warszawa
Warsaw panorama.png
Pałac Na Wyspie w Warszawie, widok na elewację południową.jpg
Poland-00808 - Castle Square (31215382745).jpg
Warszawa, ul. Nowy Świat 72-74 20170517 002.jpg
Warszawa, Rynek Starego Miasta 42-34 20170518 001.jpg
Warszawa, ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 87, 89 20170516 003.jpg
Warszawa, ul. Senatorska 10 20170516 001.jpg
Wilanów Palace.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Paris of the North, Phoenix City
Motto(s): 
Semper invicta  (Latin "Ever invincible")
Warsaw is located in Poland
Warsaw
Warsaw
Location within Poland
Warsaw is located in Europe
Warsaw
Warsaw
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 52°14′N 21°1′E / 52°14′N 21°1′E / 52.233; 21.017
CountryPoland
VoivodeshipMasovia
Countycity county
Founded13th century
City rights1323
Districts
Government
 • MayorRafał Trzaskowski (PO)
Area
 • Capital city and county517.24 km2 (199.71 sq mi)
 • Metro
6,100.43 km2 (2,355.39 sq mi)
Elevation
78–116 m (328 ft)
Population
 (30 June 2019)
 • Capital city and county1,783,321 (1st) Increase[1]
 • Rank1st in Poland (8th in EU)
 • Density3,448/km2 (8,930/sq mi)
 • Metro
3,100,844[2]
 • Metro density509.1/km2 (1,319/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Varsovian
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
00-001 to 04–999
Area code(s)+48 22
GDP (nominal)[3]2017
 – Total€57 billion
 – Per capita€33,000
Websiteum.warszawa.pl
Official nameHistoric Centre of Warsaw
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, vi
Designated1980 (4th [1]
UNESCO regionEurope
Varsovian Trumpet Call

Warsaw (ɔː/ WOR-saw; Polish: Warszawa [varˈʂava] (About this soundlisten); see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland. The metropolis stands on the Vistula River in east-central Poland and its population is officially estimated at 1.8 million residents within a greater metropolitan area of 3.1 million residents,[4] which makes Warsaw the 7th most-populous capital city in the European Union. The city limits cover 517.24 square kilometres (199.71 sq mi), while the metropolitan area covers 6,100.43 square kilometres (2,355.39 sq mi).[5] Warsaw is an alpha global city,[6] a major international tourist destination, and a significant cultural, political and economic hub. Its historical Old Town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The city rose to prominence in the late 16th century, when Sigismund III decided to move the Polish capital and his royal court from Kraków. The elegant architecture, grandeur and extensive boulevards earned Warsaw the nickname Paris of the North prior to the Second World War. Bombed at the start of the German invasion in 1939, the city withstood a siege,[7][8][9] but was largely destroyed by the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943, the general Warsaw Uprising in 1944 and the systematic razing by the Germans in advance of the Vistula–Oder Offensive. Warsaw gained the new title of Phoenix City because of its complete reconstruction after the war, which had left over 85% of its buildings in ruins.[10][11]

In 2012, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Warsaw as the 32nd most liveable city in the world.[12] In 2017, the city came 4th in the "Business-friendly", 8th in "Human capital and life style" and topped the quality of life rankings in the region.[13] The city is a significant centre of research and development, Business process outsourcing and Information technology outsourcing. The Warsaw Stock Exchange is the largest and most important in Central and Eastern Europe.[14][15] Frontex, the European Union agency for external border security as well as ODIHR, one of the principal institutions of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe have their headquarters in Warsaw. Jointly with Frankfurt and Paris, Warsaw features one of the highest number of skyscrapers in the European Union.[16]

The city is the seat of the Polish Academy of Sciences, National Philharmonic Orchestra, University of Warsaw, the Warsaw University of Technology, the National Museum, Zachęta Art Gallery and the Warsaw Grand Theatre, the largest of its kind in the world.[17] The picturesque Old Town, which represents examples of nearly every European architectural style and historical period,[18] was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980. Other main architectural attractions include the Royal Castle and the iconic King Sigismund's Column, the Wilanów Palace, the Palace on the Isle, St. John's Cathedral, Main Market Square as well as numerous churches and mansions along the Royal Route. Warsaw is positioning itself as Central and Eastern Europe's chic cultural capital with thriving art or club scenes and restaurants,[19] with around a quarter of the city's area occupied by parks.[20]